Intracytoplasmic morphologically-selected sperm injection (IMSI) is an advanced form of in vitro fertilization (IVF) that involves the selection of the healthiest sperm for fertilization. IMSI uses a high-powered microscope to magnify sperm cells up to 6,000 times, allowing fertility specialists to identify and select the best quality sperm based on their morphology or physical appearance.
During IMSI treatment, a small needle is used to collect sperm from the male partner. The sperm are then washed and prepared for injection into the female partner’s egg in a laboratory dish. Unlike conventional IVF, which uses a standard microscope, IMSI uses a high-magnification microscope to evaluate sperm quality in greater detail, reducing the risk of selecting abnormal or damaged sperm.
IMSI treatment may be recommended for couples who have struggled with infertility and have had previous unsuccessful IVF cycles. It is also a suitable option for couples with male factor infertility, where the male partner has low sperm count, poor sperm morphology, or high levels of DNA fragmentation in the sperm.
Although IMSI treatment can increase the chances of successful fertilization and pregnancy, it is not without risks. The procedure may carry a slightly higher risk of damage to the egg or embryo due to the use of the microneedle, and there is a small chance of infection or bleeding at the injection site. However, overall, IMSI treatment has a good safety profile and has helped many couples achieve their dream of starting a family.
Advantages of IMSI Treatment
IMSI treatment has several advantages over traditional IVF procedures, including:
- Improved sperm selection: IMSI uses a high-powered microscope to select the healthiest sperm with normal morphology, which increases the chances of successful fertilization and pregnancy.
- Higher success rates: IMSI treatment has been shown to have higher success rates than conventional IVF, especially in cases of male factor infertility.
- Reduced risk of genetic abnormalities: By selecting the healthiest sperm, IMSI can reduce the risk of genetic abnormalities in the embryo, which is especially important for couples with a history of genetic disorders.
- Fewer miscarriages: IMSI treatment can help reduce the risk of miscarriages, as the selected sperm have a lower chance of causing chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo.
- Lower risk of multiple pregnancies: IMSI treatment reduces the risk of multiple pregnancies, which is a common complication of IVF. This is because fewer embryos are typically transferred during IMSI treatment.
- Better chances for older women: IMSI treatment may be a more viable option for older women who have a decreased ovarian reserve or diminished egg quality.
Overall, IMSI treatment provides a more precise and effective method of sperm selection, which can improve the chances of successful fertilization and pregnancy for couples struggling with infertility.
IMSI Treatment Procedure
The IMSI treatment procedure is similar to traditional IVF, but with additional steps to select the healthiest sperm. Here is a general overview of the IMSI treatment procedure:
- Ovarian stimulation: The female partner receives hormonal medication to stimulate the ovaries and produce multiple follicles containing eggs.
- Egg retrieval: Once the eggs have matured, they are retrieved from the ovaries using a small needle guided by ultrasound.
- Sperm collection: The male partner provides a semen sample on the same day as the egg retrieval. The sperm are then washed and prepared for injection.
- Sperm selection: The sperm are evaluated under a high-powered microscope to select the healthiest sperm based on morphology.
- Sperm injection: The selected sperm are injected into the mature eggs using a microneedle.
- Embryo development: The fertilized eggs, now called embryos, are monitored in the laboratory for several days to ensure proper development.
- Embryo transfer: The best quality embryo(s) are transferred to the female partner’s uterus using a catheter.
- Pregnancy testing: Two weeks after the embryo transfer, a pregnancy test is performed to determine if the treatment was successful.
IMSI treatment can vary based on the specific needs of the couple, and fertility specialists will tailor the treatment plan accordingly. However, the basic steps involve using a high-powered microscope to select the healthiest sperm for injection, which increases the chances of successful fertilization and pregnancy.
Preparing for IMSI Treatment
Preparing for IMSI treatment involves several steps to optimize your chances of a successful outcome. Here are some tips to help you prepare:
- Schedule a consultation with a fertility specialist: The first step is to schedule a consultation with a fertility specialist who can evaluate your medical history, perform a physical exam, and order any necessary tests to determine the underlying cause of infertility.
- Follow a healthy lifestyle: Leading a healthy lifestyle can improve fertility outcomes. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and avoiding alcohol, smoking, and drugs.
- Consider pre-implantation genetic testing: Pre-implantation genetic testing can help identify any genetic abnormalities in the embryo before implantation. This is especially important for couples with a history of genetic disorders.
- Understand the procedure: It’s important to understand the IMSI procedure and the associated risks and benefits. Ask your fertility specialist any questions you may have, and make sure you are comfortable with the process before proceeding.
- Take prescribed medications as directed: Your fertility specialist will prescribe hormonal medications to stimulate ovulation and prepare the uterus for implantation. It’s important to take these medications as directed to optimize your chances of success.
- Plan for time off work: The IMSI procedure may require several appointments, including the egg retrieval and embryo transfer. You may need to take time off work to attend these appointments.
- Consider counseling: Infertility can be a stressful and emotional experience. Consider seeking counseling to help you cope with the emotional impact of the IMSI treatment process.
Preparing for IMSI treatment involves a collaborative effort between you and your fertility specialist. By following these steps and working together with your specialist, you can optimize your chances of a successful outcome.
Cost of IMSI Treatment in Pune
The cost of IMSI treatment in Pune, India, can vary depending on several factors, including the reputation and experience of the clinic, the location, and the specific needs of the couple. On average, IMSI treatment in Pune can cost anywhere from INR 150,000 to INR 250,000.
It’s important to note that the cost of IMSI treatment may not include additional expenses, such as medications, consultations, and follow-up appointments. You should consult with the fertility clinic to obtain a detailed breakdown of the costs associated with IMSI treatment.
Some insurance plans may provide coverage for fertility treatments, including IMSI. It’s important to check with your insurance provider to determine what, if any, coverage is available.
It’s also important to consider that the cost of IMSI treatment should not be the only factor in choosing a fertility clinic. The reputation and success rates of the clinic, as well as the experience and qualifications of the fertility specialists, should also be taken into account when making a decision.
Choosing the Best Clinic for IMSI Treatment in Pune
Choosing the best clinic for IMSI treatment in Pune is an important decision, as the success of the treatment largely depends on the expertise and experience of the fertility clinic and specialists. Here are some factors to consider when choosing a clinic:
- Success rates: One of the most important factors to consider is the success rates of the clinic. Look for a clinic that has a high success rate in IMSI treatment, as this indicates that they have the expertise and experience to help you achieve a successful outcome.
- Reputation: Research the reputation of the clinic and read online reviews and testimonials from past patients. This will give you an idea of the quality of care and the experiences of other patients who have undergone IMSI treatment at the clinic.
- Experience of the fertility specialists: The experience and qualifications of the fertility specialists at the clinic are crucial to the success of the treatment. Look for a clinic that has highly qualified and experienced specialists with a track record of success in fertility treatments.
- Technology and facilities: Look for a clinic that has state-of-the-art technology and facilities to ensure the best possible outcomes for your treatment. The clinic should also have a well-equipped laboratory for the evaluation and selection of healthy sperm.
- Patient care and support: Choosing a clinic that provides personalized care and support throughout the treatment process is important. Look for a clinic that has a supportive and compassionate team of staff who are dedicated to helping you achieve a successful outcome.
- Cost: The cost of the treatment is also an important factor to consider, but it should not be the sole determining factor. Look for a clinic that provides transparent pricing and offers affordable financing options.
By considering these factors, you can choose the best clinic for IMSI treatment in Pune and increase your chances of a successful outcome.
Success Rates of IMSI Treatment in Pune
The success rates of IMSI treatment in Pune can vary depending on several factors, including the age of the couple, the underlying cause of infertility, and the experience and expertise of the fertility clinic and specialists. However, on average, the success rate of IMSI treatment in Pune is around 40% to 50%.
It’s important to note that the success rate of IMSI treatment can be affected by several factors, including the quality of the sperm sample, the age and health of the female partner, and the number of embryos transferred. It’s important to discuss your individual chances of success with your fertility specialist, as they will be able to provide more detailed information based on your specific situation.
To increase the chances of success, it’s important to choose a reputable fertility clinic with experienced specialists who use state-of-the-art technology and facilities. The clinic should also provide personalized care and support throughout the treatment process to help you achieve a successful outcome.