What is Hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is a medical procedure done to examine the inside of a woman’s uterus (womb) to diagnose and treat the issues found inside, such as abnormal bleeding, fibroids, polyps, adhesion, etc.
Hysteroscopy for Infertility
Hysteroscopy for infertility is done to diagnose and treat the cause of repetitive miscarriages and not being able to get pregnant.
For Hysteroscopy, a thin and flexible telescope with a light and camera at the end known as a Hysteroscope is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. Images of the uterus are displayed on a screen, which allows the doctor to have a clear view of the inside (womb). In case of a treatment, other instruments are used with the hysteroscope.
Hysteroscopy & IVF
As part of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process, a hysteroscopy will help us check to make sure that your uterus is healthy enough for an embryo to implant and grow.
If our fertility specialist spots something during a hysteroscopy that could be causing your pregnancy issues, we will help you find the right fertility treatment options to address it.
Why is Hysteroscopy for infertility done?
In the case of infertility, there are many reasons why a woman might need to get a Hysteroscopy done. These reasons include-
- To treat abnormal uterine bleeding
- To treat Fibroids and Polyps
- To treat Adhesions
- Pregnancy issues
- For finding IUDs
- For Biopsy
Laparoscopy treatment in Delhi
Laparoscopy, also known as keyhole surgery is a minimally invasive surgery done to check problems in the abdomen or a woman’s reproductive system. With the help of Laparoscopic surgery, the doctor can diagnose different medical conditions and take a sample of tissue for testing (biopsy).
In Laparoscopic surgery, a thin tube known as a Laparoscope is inserted in the abdomen via a small incision made through the skin. A camera is attached to this tube, which allows the surgeon to look inside the patient’s body without any major process. The laparoscope allows the surgeon to look at the outside of the patient’s- uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and liver and if the surgeon finds any abnormalities in the organs, they operate on them by attaching a surgical instrument to the laparoscope.
Usually, laparoscopy is a safe procedure with some minor complications.
Why is Laparoscopy for infertility done?
There are many factors, due to which a couple might opt for Laparoscopy treatment. They are as follows-
- Blockage in fallopian tubes
- Ovarian cysts
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Pelvic prolapse
In Laparoscopy, the doctor gets to view and access the exterior of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and other organs inside the pelvis. On the other hand, Hysteroscopy allows the doctor to view the internal uterus cavity and identify and treat the abnormalities found there.
Yes, studies have shown that removing endometrial polyps using hysteroscopy improves fertility and increases pregnancy rates, irrespective of the size or number of the polyps.
No, it is not necessary to get Hysteroscopy done before IVF, because there is no obvious advantage and moreover, there are lesser invasive procedures available to investigate the same thing. Hence, a routine hysteroscopy before IVF seems to be an unnecessary expense and trouble for the patient. However, if your doctor insists, then you can get a second opinion to see if hysteroscopy is needed or not.
If you have gotten a diagnostic hysteroscopy, then your doctor may ask you to wait for a few weeks for IVF. In the case of operative hysteroscopy, it is generally recommended to wait up to 3 months (in case of large fibroids) before starting IVF.
Depending on which kind of procedure is carried out, laparoscopic surgery can be defined as major or minor surgery. Usually, laparoscopic treatments are major surgery, but tubal ligation and cholecystectomy methods are considered minor surgeries.
Usually, a standard anesthetic is given to the patient in laparoscopy surgery, which numbs the area. So, if you wake up during the surgery, you will not feel any pain. The surgeon creates numerous tiny cuts no more than a half-inch long in this treatment. Then they put a tube along with each aperture. And with the help of that tube, they also insert a tiny camera and surgical instruments with which the surgeon does the operation.
There are specific usual reasons which lead to laparoscopy treatment:-
- Treating infertility issues
- The prognosis and curing of endometriosis.
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Removal of fibroids, uterus, lymph nodes, ovarian cysts, etc.
After the laparoscopy surgery, having a swell and bloated belly is normal. It usually eased with time. Generally, the bloating and swelling will wear off in twelve weeks, but for some, it may take twelve months after the surgery.